Many governments in Africa are offering excellent incentives and tax exemptions in an effort to attract foreign investors in the agricaultural sector:


The new policy  explained by Dr Samson Kwaje, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry of   the Government of Southern Sudan, involves leasing (for 8-32 years) a minimum 60,000 acres of land to foreign farmers at a lease fee of   amount 25 US cents/year/acre. There is no upper limit. There would be no taxes or duties on inputs and no profit tax for at least four years.



The land lease rate in India’s state of Punjab is a minimum of $760 per acre. In contrast, in most African nations, the land lease rate works out to a mere $13.30 per acre

In Senegal,   land could be acquired under two different procedures namely (i) allocation   of land for agricultural use and (ii) regularisation through lease (long   lease). Acquisition of land through procedure (ii) would entail financial   expenditure including payment of annual rents which could amount to   around FCFA 20,000 per hectare (around US$ 40 per hectare per year).   The minimal period for lease is 20 years extendable to 30 years and   renewable to 50 years (long lease).”


The foreign investor can own up to 66% of the capital. The arable   land is leased and cannot be capitalised. Agricultural investments do   not require a preliminary authorisation. They must be declared with the Agency for the Promotion of Agricultural Investment. Two fiscal   regimes can be adopted: a partially-exporting regime and wholly-exporting   regime.

Wholly-exporting entities are those that export at least 70%   of their production, with the option to sell the remainder on the local market.

Full and permanent exemption from customs duty, auxiliary customs   duty, value-added tax and customs tax are also available to prospective   investors. The Agency for the Promotion of Agricultural Investment in   Tunisia has offered about 3,000 hectares of land for commercial farming   and for setting up agro-processing projects in Tunisia.”